The house like much of the village of Urval was probably built at the end of the 100 years war, even though the village itself dates to Roman times, as evidenced by the Roman columns in the Romanesque village church.
The Dordogne is an important river in the Southwestern part of the country. It flows off the Gironde River. The Gironde meets the Atlantic north of the city of Bordeaux. The Northern fork or branch is the Dordogne.
Historically the river was a battle line, to the North the English, to the South the French. The turmoil of the region had a specific effect architecturally. In the river valley and throughout the Perigord Noir, as the region is known, castles, chateaux, fortified churches and "bastide" villages dot the countryside. The architecture is simply amazing. The term Perigord, as the entire region is called, is a derivative from Latin for land stone dwellings. The area has a rich history and the village of Urval is one of the literally dozens of villages, abbeys, monasteries, churches, towns and castles in the region. The Romanesque church of Urval dates from the 11 century and the common bread ovens in the village date from the 14th century. There are ancient castles everywhere, some still privately owned. Josephine Baker's castle is very close by and is now a museum to her.
There are a ton of resources on line to research the region and all the small towns.